What is TAIJIUINO Due Pro Board?
TAIJIUINO Due Pro board derives from Arduino Due. It is completely compatible with Arduino Due. Users could write code and program it with Arduino IDE.
Difference from Arduino DUE
- Oscillator for RTC is assembled
- Removed the ATmega16U2 chip, break out programming pins for external downloader.
- Break out all other pins of the chip ATSAM3X8E (not available on Arduino DUE)
- Ethernet interface of ATSAM3X8E on the board is available.
- Removed LED on Pin 13
- Gold-plated PCB
- 5V Serial interface is available
Why remove ATmega16U2?
On Arduino Due, both USB port could serves as programming interface. On Taijiuino Due board, the chip ATmega16U2 and its surrounding circuit is removed to make space for ethernet pins on the board. Instead, we desigined External Programmer module based on ATmega16U2.
Why external programmer?
The main reason why Taijiuino Due has pins for external programmer is to make more innovation. User may need other ways to programming it, such as programming wirelessly, or through Internet.
Extenal programmer is more cost-efficient. Similar with boards such as Arduino Mini or Arduino Pro, many boards could share one external programmer. If you need 10 boards to build your projects, you only need one external programmer. That will save you much money.
We developed 2 kinds of external programmer:
You could get this product from this page.
This module is designed based on the ATmega16U2. With the bended-pin female header, users could plug in the header to Taijiuino Due board. However, this module is not only for Taijiuino Due. It could proramming various Arduino boards such Arduino pro, Arduino mini, Arudino Pro mini and Arduino ehternet.
DUE WIRELESS PROG
You could get this product from Wireless programmer
This module could program the Taijiuino board wirelessly. This module could also be used to send data wireless between PC and TAIJIUINO board.
Why break out more pins?
On Arduino DUE, ATSAM3X8E has several pins which are not used. For most Arduino users, those pins may never be used. However, we believe that somethins, on certain occasion, they will be useful.
Why remove the led to pin 13?
Led on Pin 13 might be helpful sometimes. We found that both PC30 and PA23 connected with LEDs. Users could use those 2 leds if neccessary. So we remove the led on pin 13 to keep the board more simple.
With EMAC module, Taijiuino could easily get into Ethernet. Current the libarary are supported on this page: [Finally a working EMAC library] Connecting an Ethernet PHY to Arduino Due
To learn more about the Ethernet module, please visit Ethernet PHY DM9161 Module for Taijiuino Due.
Warning: same with Arduino Due, this board runs at 3.3V. The maximum voltage that the I/O pins can tolerate is 3.3V. Providing higher voltages, like 5V to an I/O pin may damage the board.
The TAIJIUINO Due Pro is a microcontroller board based on the Atmel SAM3X8E ARM Cortex-M3 CPU (datasheet).It has 54 digital input/output pins (of which 12 can be used as PWM outputs), 12 analog inputs, 4 UARTs (hardware serial ports), a 84 MHz clock, an USB OTG capable connection, 2 DAC (digital to analog), 2 TWI, a power jack, an SPI header, a JTAG header, a reset button and an erase button.
The board contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a micro-USB cable or power it with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to get started. This board is compatible with all Arduino shields that work at 3.3V and are compliant with the 1.0 Arduino pinout.
The Due follows the 1.0 pinout:
- TWI: SDA and SCL pins that are near to the AREF pin.
- The IOREF pin which allows an attached shield with the proper configuration to adapt to the voltage provided by the board. This enables shield compatibility with a 3.3V board like the Due and AVR-based boards which operate at 5V.
- An unconnected pin, reserved for future use.
ARM Core benefits
The Due has a 32-bit ARM core that can outperform typical 8-bit microcontroller boards. The most significant differences are:
- A 32-bit core, that allows operations on 4 bytes wide data within a single CPU clock. (for more information look int type page).
- CPU Clock at 84Mhz.
- 96 KBytes of SRAM.
- 512 KBytes of Flash memory for code.
- a DMA controller, that can relieve the CPU from doing memory intensive tasks.
Schematic, Reference Design & Pin Mapping
Visit our Github page to download schematic and Gerber file
|Input Voltage (recommended)
|Input Voltage (limits)
|Digital I/O Pins
||54 (of which 12 provide PWM output)
|Analog Input Pins
|Analog Outputs Pins
|Total DC Output Current on all I/O lines
|DC Current for 3.3V Pin
|DC Current for 5V Pin
||512 KB all available for the user applications
||96 KB (two banks: 64KB and 32KB)
The TAIJIUINO Due Pro can be powered via the USB connector or with an external power supply. The power source is selected automatically.
External (non-USB) power can come either from an AC-to-DC adapter (wall-wart) or battery. The adapter can be connected by plugging a 2.1mm center-positive plug into the board's power jack. Leads from a battery can be inserted in the Gnd and Vin pin headers of the POWER connector.
The board can operate on an external supply of 6 to 24 volts. If supplied with less than 7V, however, the 5V pin may supply less than five volts and the board may be unstable. If using more than 12V, the voltage regulator may overheat and damage the board. The recommended range is 7 to 12 volts.
The power pins are as follows:
- VIN. The input voltage to the TAIJIUINO board when it's using an external power source (as opposed to 5 volts from the USB connection or other regulated power source). You can supply voltage through this pin, or if supplying voltage via the power jack, access it through this pin.
- 5V. This pin outputs a regulated 5V from the regulator on the board. The board can be supplied with power either from the DC power jack (7 - 12V), the USB connector (5V), or the VIN pin of the board (7-12V). Supplying voltage via the 5V or 3.3V pins bypasses the regulator, and can damage your board. We don't advise it.
- 3.3V. A 3.3 volt supply generated by the on-board regulator. Maximum current draw is 800 mA. This regulator also provides the power supply to the SAM3X microcontroller.
- GND. Ground pins.
- IOREF. This pin on the TAIJIUINO board provides the voltage reference with which the microcontroller operates. A properly configured shield can read the IOREF pin voltage and select the appropriate power source or enable voltage translators on the outputs for working with the 5V or 3.3V.
The SAM3X has 512 KB (2 blocks of 256 KB) of flash memory for storing code. The bootloader is preburned in factory from Atmel and is stored in a dedicated ROM memory. The available SRAM is 96 KB in two contiguous bank of 64 KB and 32 KB. All the available memory (Flash, RAM and ROM) can be accessed directly as a flat addressing space.
It is possible to erase the Flash memory of the SAM3X with the onboard erase button. This will remove the currently loaded sketch from the MCU. To erase, press and hold the Erase button for a few seconds while the board is powered.
Input and Output
- Digital I/O: pins from 0 to 53
Each of the 54 digital pins on the Due can be used as an input or output, using pinMode(), digitalWrite(), anddigitalRead() functions. They operate at 3.3 volts. Each pin can provide (source) a current of 3 mA or 15 mA, depending on the pin, or receive (sink) a current of 6 mA or 9 mA, depending on the pin. They also have an internal pull-up resistor (disconnected by default) of 100 KOhm. In addition, some pins have specialized functions:
- Serial: 0 (RX) and 1 (TX)
- Serial 1: 19 (RX) and 18 (TX)
- Serial 2: 17 (RX) and 16 (TX)
- Serial 3: 15 (RX) and 14 (TX)
Used to receive (RX) and transmit (TX) TTL serial data (with 3.3 V level). Pins 0 and 1 are connected to the corresponding external programmer pins. The TTL serial data on external programmer pins are 5V.
- PWM: Pins 2 to 13
Provide 8-bit PWM output with the analogWrite() function. the resolution of the PWM can be changed with theanalogWriteResolution() function.
- SPI: SPI header (ICSP header on other Arduino boards)
These pins support SPI communication using the SPI library. The SPI pins are broken out on the central 6-pin header, which is physically compatible with the Uno, Leonardo and Mega2560. The SPI header can be used only to communicate with other SPI devices, not for programming the SAM3X with the In-Circuit-Serial-Programming technique. The SPI of the Due has also advanced features that can be used with the Extended SPI methods for Due.
- CAN: CANRX and CANTX
These pins support the CAN communication protocol but are not not yet supported by Arduino APIs.
- TWI 1: 20 (SDA) and 21 (SCL)
- TWI 2: SDA1 and SCL1.
Support TWI communication using the Wire library.
- Analog Inputs: pins from A0 to A11
The Due has 12 analog inputs, each of which can provide 12 bits of resolution (i.e. 4096 different values). By default, the resolution of the readings is set at 10 bits, for compatibility with other Arduino boards. It is possible to change the resolution of the ADC with analogReadResolution(). The Due’s analog inputs pins measure from ground to a maximum value of 3.3V. Applying more then 3.3V on the Due’s pins will damage the SAM3X chip. The analogReference() function is ignored on the Due.
The AREF pin is connected to the SAM3X analog reference pin through a resistor bridge. To use the AREF pin, resistorBR1 must be desoldered from the PCB.
- DAC1 and DAC2
These pins provides true analog outputs with 12-bits resolution (4096 levels) with the analogWrite() function. These pins can be used to create an audio output using the Audio library.
Other pins on the board:
Reference voltage for the analog inputs. Used with analogReference().
Bring this line LOW to reset the microcontroller. Typically used to add a reset button to shields which block the one on the board.
The Taijiuino Due Pro has a number of facilities for communicating with a computer, another Arduino or other microcontrollers, and different devices like phones, tablets, cameras and so on. The SAM3X provides one hardware UART and three hardware USARTs for TTL (3.3V) serial communication.
The Programming port is broken out for expternal programmers. Those pins could also be used to communicate with Taijiuino board. The TXD and RXD pins are connect to TX0 and RX0 pins of Taijiuino board through a TTL shifter, which converts TTL between 5V and 3V3.
The Native USB port is connected to the SAM3X. It allows for serial (CDC) communication over USB. This provides a serial connection to the Serial Monitor or other applications on your computer. It also enables the Due to emulate a USB mouse or keyboard to an attached computer. To use these features, see the Mouse and Keyboard library reference pages.
The Native USB port can also act as a USB host for connected peripherals such as mice, keyboards, and smartphones. To use these features, see the USBHost reference pages.
The SAM3X also supports TWI and SPI communication. The Arduino software includes a Wire library to simplify use of the TWI bus; see the documentation for details. For SPI communication, use the SPI library.
The TAIJIUINO Due Pro can be programmed with the Arduino software (download). For details, see the reference and tutorials.
Uploading sketches to the SAM3X is different than the AVR microcontrollers found in other Arduino boards because the flash memory needs to be erased before being re-programmed. Upload to the chip is managed by ROM on theSAM3X, which is run only when the chip's flash memory is empty.
There are two ways to program the boards:
- Native port: to use this port, select "TAIJIUINO Due Pro (Native USB Port)" as your board in the Arduino IDE. The Native USB port is connected directly to the SAM3X. Connect the Due's Native USB port (the one closest to the reset button) to your computer. Opening and closing the Native port at 1200bps triggers a 'soft erase' procedure: the flash memory is erased and the board is restarted with the bootloader. If the MCU crashed for some reason it is likely that the soft erase procedure won't work as this procedure happens entirely in software on the SAM3X. Opening and closing the native port at a different baudrate will not reset the SAM3X.
- External Programming port: To use this port, you need external programmers. Now the DUE PROG downloader and Wireless programmer are available.
USB Overcurrent Protection
The TAIJIUINO Due Pro has a resettable polyfuse that protects your computer's USB ports from shorts and overcurrent. Although most computers provide their own internal protection, the fuse provides an extra layer of protection. If more than 500 mA is applied to the USB port, the fuse will automatically break the connection until the short or overload is removed.